Background Research Liturature
Statistical Approches for the Evaluation of Complex Computer models.

(1997). Description of Pollutant Routing Model (P-Route). EPA Web Site.

(1997). Geospatial Metadata. National Spatial Data Infrastructure. http://www/  (metadata factsheet.pdf).

(2000). Model Inventory, Clarke Cellular Automata Urban Growth Model. Triangle Park, North Carolina, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: national health and Environmental Effects Research Labratory Research.

Acevedo, W. (1999). Analyzing Land Use Change in Urban Environments. USGS Fact Sheet.

Addiscott, T., J. Smith, et al. (1995). “Critical Evaluation of Models and Their Parameters.” Journal of Environmental Quality 24: 803-807.

Agarwal, C., G. L. Green, et al. (2000). A Review and Assessment of Land Use Change Models: Dynamics of Space, Time, and Human Choice. Bloomington, Indiana, Center for the Study of Instructions, Populations, and Environmental Change, Indiana University.

Casti, J. (1981). “Systemism, System Theory, and Social System Modeling.” Regional Science and Urban Economics 11: 405-424.

Chen, W. H. (1996). Object Watershed Link Simulation (OWLS). Global Change Master Directory.

Chorley, R. J. and P. Haggett (1967). Integrated Models in Geography. Worshire & London, Ebenezer Baylis & Sons Ltd.

Cinalli, C. (2000). Wall Paint Exposure Assessment Model. EPA : Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics.

Clarke, K. C. and L. J. Gaydos (1998). “Loose-Coupling a Cellular Automaton Model and GIS: Long-Term Urban Growth Prediction for San Fracisco and Washington / Baltimore.” International Journal of Geographical Information Science 12(7): 699-714.

Clarke, K. C., S. Hoppen, et al. (1997). “A Self-Modifying Cellular Automaton Model of Historical Urbanization in the San Fransisco Bay Area.” Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 24: 247-261.

Clarke, K. C., S. Hoppen, et al. Methods and techniques for Rigorous Calibration of a Cellular Automaton Modelof Urban Growth.

Costanza, R. and F. H. Skylar (1984). “Articulation, Accuracy, and Effectiveness of mathematical Models: A Review of Freshwater Wetland Applications.” Ecological Modelling 27: 45-68.

Dee, D. P. (1991). validation of Computer Models, Delft Hydraulics.

Dee, D. P. (1993). A framework for the Validation of Generic Computational Models, Delft Hydraulics.

Dee, D. P. (1995). “A Pragmatic Approch to Model Validation.” Coastal and Estuarine Studies 47: 1-13.

Dee, D. P., J. Cunge, et al. (1994). Guidelines for Documenting the Validity of computational Modelling Software, IAHR / AIRH.

Hamilton, M. A. (1991). “Model Validation: An Annotated Bibliography.” Commun. Statist. -Theory Meth. 20(7): 2207-2266.

Laundry, M., J. Malouin, et al. (1983). “Model Validation in Operations Research.” European Journal of Operational Research 14: 207-220.

Loehle, C. (1983). “Evaluation of Theories and Calculation Tools in Ecology.” Ecological Modelling 19: 239-247.

Maley, C. C. Models in Evolutionary Ecology and Validation Problems. Cambridge, MA, Artificial Intelligence Labratory - Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Mowrer, H. T., K. Barber, et al. (1997). decision Support Systems for Ecosystem Managment: An Evaluation of existing Systems. Fort Collins, Colorado, United States Dept. of Agriculture.

Oreskes, N., K. Shrader-Frechette, et al. (1994). “Verification, Validation, and Confirmation of Numerical Models in the Earth Sciences.” Science 263: 641-644.

Plentinger, M. C. (1996). Blank Form for the CAMASE Register of Agro-ecosystems Models.  CAMASE Web Site.

Power, M. (1993). “The Predictive Validation of Ecological and Environmental Models.” Ecological Modeling 68: 33-50.

Reckhow, K. H. and S. C. Chapra (1983). “Confirmation of Water Quality Models.” Ecological Modelling 20: 113-133.

Squire, G. R. and P. J. C. Hamer (1990). United Kingdom Register of Agricultural Models: 1990. Wrest Park, Silsoe, Bedford, AFRC Institute of Engineering Research.

Ungerer, M. Metadata Documentation for PC Raster Hydrology Model. Alexandria Digital Library.

van Deursen, W. P. A. (1995). Geographical Information Systems and Dynamic Models: Development and Application of a Prototype Spatial Modelling Language. Utrecht, Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijkskundig Genootschap / Faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen Universiteit Utrecht.